Pearl Harbor And WWII

By September 1939, Europe was embroiled in World War II. The U.S. remained nominally neutral, although sympathetic to the Allies led by England and France. After the U.S. cut down its sales of scrap iron and oil to Japan, the …

FBI Raids

Within hours of the news from Hawaii, FBI agents, many without evidence, search or arrest warrants, conducted house to house roundups of 1,212 Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) in Hawaii and the mainlandThey were prominent leaders in the Japanese-American communities: priests, …

Full text of EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066

Whereas, the successful prosecution of the war requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to national-defense material, national-defense premises and national defense utilities as defined in Section 4, Act of April 20, 1918, 40 Stat. 533, as amended …

Executive Order9066

Not until the end of January 1942 was there a concerted drive by some press, civic, business, and agricultural interests to remove all persons of Japanese ancestry, citizens and aliens alike. According to business and agriculture reports, a number of …

Site Overview

This site was created to bring us face-to-face with those who experienced the World War II internment of Japanese Americans – a critical part of 20th century American history still largely unknown. Here, more than two dozen short video clips …

Civil Rights Movement

The African American community‚Äôs call for equal opportunity and the end of racial segregation struck a responsive chord among many Japanese AmericansIn the course of participating in this and other social justice movements, many Sansei (third-generation Japanese Americans) and Nisei, …

Japanese Latin Americans

From 1942, the U.S., with the cooperation of Peru and twelve other countries in Latin America, forcibly uprooted over 2,200 Latin American citizens and residents of Japanese ancestry and incarcerated them in the U.S. internment camps.These internees were to be …

Empowerment

In the early 1980s, concurrent with the Commission process, the Supreme Court cases which upheld the internment and related actions were successfully challenged: Hirabayashi v. United States (1943), Yasui v. United States (1943) and Korematsu v. United States (1944).A legal …

Mass Removal

From March 24 to November 3, 1942, the mass removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast took place over eight months.Japanese Americans had no charges brought against them, there was no hearing; they did not know where they were …

Overview

On December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Roundup photoThe following day, the US declared war on Japan. Despite the government’s own evidence that Japanese Americans posed no military threat, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal …